Physical & Occupational Therapy
Physical therapy is a medical specialty where specially designed exercises and equipments help patients restore their normal physical activities. Physical therapy is advised when the health problems make it hard to move around and make your daily activities uneasy.
In physical therapy various conditions that affect the physical function of adults and children are assessed and treated. Physical therapy helps relieve pain and resume daily activities.
Physical therapy can provide relief from long term health problems. Physical emphasizes the useof modalities such as heat, ice, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and hands-on techniques such as manipulation, massage, and exercise program. Interventions may include therapeutic exercise, functional training, manual therapy techniques, assistive and adaptive devices, equipments, physical agents, and electrotherapeutic modalities.
Physical therapy is recommended for various conditions and they include:
- Back and neck pain
- Spine and joint conditions
- Sports related injuries
- Neurological conditions
What is occupational therapy?
Occupational therapy (OT) is a health profession which promotes health and well-being by helping people to engage in daily activities and their profession. Occupational therapy is a type of rehabilitation therapy recommended for patients with conditions affecting the upper and lower extremities. The main goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life.
What is the role of an occupational therapist?
Occupational therapists, also called OT’s, are individuals who are trained in the practice of occupational therapy. The role of an occupational therapist is to work with individuals who suffer from mental, physical, developmental, social or emotional disabilities and improve their ability to perform daily activities. This is accomplished through training, exercise, education, and home modifications to encourage an independent lifestyle.
Occupational therapists work in the following settings:
- Private practice
- Special schools
- Rehabilitation centers
- Mental health facilities
Who needs occupational therapy?
Occupational therapy can benefit almost every individual having any of the below mentioned conditions:
- Work related injuries including lower back problems
- Spinal cord injuries
- Fractures or other injuries from sports or accidents
- Mental health or behavioral problems and learning disabilities
- Limitations following a stroke or heart attack
- Wound scars and burns
- Birth injuries or birth defects
- Injured nerves
- Post-surgical conditions
What is the need for occupational therapy in children?
Occupational therapy is for both adults and children. Occupational therapists evaluate skills in children for playing, functioning in school, and performing daily activities and develop a customized plan for intervention to meet specific goals. Occupational therapy helps children develop fine motor skills and educates family members about safe and effective methods to care for their child. Occupational therapists work with individuals suffering from various conditions including birth defects, orthopedic injuries, and mental health or behavioral problems. Occupational therapy can help improve a child’s cognitive and physical abilities while enhancing their self- esteem and sense of accomplishment. Occupational therapists help to improve a child’s development and performance and allows children to regain function.
Occupational therapists help children with:
- Severe developmental delays
- Behavioral disorders
- Physical disabilities